The Allied Balkan bombing campaign chronology of World War II PART II
|Artwork Fire Over Ploesti by Roy Grinnell Air Force Art|
May 31, 1944 - Ploieşti - 32 B-24s of the 450 BG attacked the "Româno-Americană Oil Refinery", but failed due to the smoke screens.153 The 450 BG also bombed the Româno-Americană refinery on June 6, 24, & July 15; and the Concordia Vega refinery on July 9, 22
June 5, 1944 - A May 5 decoded message stated anti-aircraft artillery was being moved to Pölitz and Blechhammer, and one on June 5 indicated the Luftwaffe was short of fuel. British intelligence concluded that the bombing of oil targets would be "crippling" in 3-6 months. Romanian production had been reduced from 200,000 tons in February to 40,000 in June.
|Allied Air Raids in Europe, WWII. Astra Romana Refinery. This photograph gives a vivid idea of how the Consolidated B-24 “Liberator” flew in bombing the Ploesti Field, August 1, 1943. Office of War Information Collect|
June 6, 1944 - Ploieşti - In the 1st large-scale American attempt to use a dispersed bomber force to spread out fighter defenses in Romania, Ploieşti was bombed: 118 (the 485 BG bombed the Dacia Română oil refinery). Additional B-17s, including some Soviet-based for Operation Frantic, attacked the Galaţi Airdrome: "most oil from Ploesti must be shipped west over [the] Danube for refining." (annex of intelligence report)
June 11, 1944 - Constanţa - B-24s bombed an oil installation at Constanţa.
June 11, 1944 - The 461 BG bombed the Giurgiu oil storage. 80 miles southeast of Ploiesti, Giurgiu was "the most important transshipment point in Europe".
June 11, 1944 - The 485 BG bombed the "Smedervo" oil refinery.
June 14, 1944 - B-24s bomb oil targets Komárom (Hungary), and Osijek (Ipoil).
June 14, 1944 - 39 B-24s of the 450 BG targeted the oil refinery in Osijek.
June 18 & 23, 1944 - The 485 BG bombed the oil installations at Giurgiu.
June 23, 1944 - B-24s bombed Giurgiu oil storage.
June 23, 1944 - The 32 BS bombed a Ploieşti oil refinery.
June 24, 1944 - B-24s bombed a Ploiesti oil refinery
June 28, 1944 - In Bucharest, where much of Ploieşti's refined product was stored and distributed, 190 the 464 BG bombed the "Prohava Petrolul" refinery, and the 485 BG bombed the "Titan Oil Refinery".
|Columbia Aquila refinery after the bombing, with bomb craters, largely intact|
July 3, 1944 - The 464 BG bombed the Shell oil depot at Belgrade.
July 6, 1944 - The 461st BG bombed Ploieşti oil targets.
July 9, 1944 - B-24s bombed a Ploiesti oil refinery.
July 15, 1944 - 600+ B-17s and B-24s bombed 4 oil refineries in the Ploieşti area and the "Teleajenul pumping station". Archived 2009-03-13 at the Wayback Machine The 485 BG bombed the Sperantza Oil Refinery.
July 22 & 28, 1944 - The 464 BG bombed the Româno-Americană refinery.
July 23, 1944 - Berat - 14 B-24s of the 450 BG targeted the "Kucove Oil Refinery" and the previous bombing obscured the aiming point (there were "near misses" on the "old refinery").
July 28, 1944 - The 464 BG bombed the Româno-Americană refinery and the 485 BG bombed the "Standard Oil Refinery" (was abandoned after flying into the fireball).
|Zagreb after Allied bombing|
July 31, 1944 - Two oil refineries at Bucharest, one at Doiceşti, and oil storage at Targoviste were bombed. Archived at the Wayback Machine The Red Army entered Bucharest on August 30.
July 1944 - The 461st BG received a 2nd Distinguished Unit Citation for a July 1944 Ploieşti bombing.
July 31, 1944 - The 461 BG bombed the Ploieşti Xenia oil refinery.
August 9, 1944 - The No. 205 Group RAF bombed the Romano-American refinery. The 205 Group also bombed Ploieşti on August 17.
August 9, 1944 - B-17s bomb an oil refinery at Brod, Yugoslavia.
August 10, 1944 - 450+ B-17s and B-24s bombed 6 oil refineries. The 464 BG bombed the Astra Română refinery, and the 461 BG bombed the Xenia oil refinery.
August 17, 1944 - Three oil refineries and targets of opportunity were bombed in the Ploieşti area: Româno-Americană (by the 461 BG on their last Ploieşti mission), "Astra Română Refinery" (450 BG)
August 18, 1944 - 370 fighter-escorted B-17s and B-24s bombed 5 oil refineries around Ploiesti. The 464 and 485 BGs bombed the "Americano" refinery.
|Romanian army - antiaircraft gun crew|
August 19, 1944 - 65 B-17s with 125 P-51s escorts bombed 2 Ploieşti area oil refineries. Ploieşti was captured on August 30. 204 after a total of 350 bombers had been lost attacking the area. 172 The Fifteenth Air Force had dropped 12,804 tons of explosives on Ploiesti targets, On October 17, a Fifteenth Air Force B-17 carried a photo crew to Ploiesti.
August 20, 1944 - The oil refinery at Dubová was bombed.
August 24, 1944 - Soviet Red Army forces occupied the Ploiești oilfields in Romania.