Posts

Interesting facts and figures on the Balkans in December 1941

Image
1. 12. - XIV Armed Corps 9. Italian Army renamed the Army of Montenegro (Commander Alessandro Pirzio Biroli, also Governor of Montenegro).
1 – 2.  12 - Pljevaljska battle, failed partisan attack on Pljevlja with heavy losses.
2. 12. - Italians from Karlovac attacked the Partisan Liberated Territory on Kordun (Croatia).
3 - 12. 12. – Home Guard-ustaška Ozren operation  along the river Bosnia, unsuccessful against the uprising.
5, 12 - Chetniks under the agreement with the Italians took Foca and Cajnice, carried out the massacre of Muslims.
6. 12 –  British submarine HMS Perseus is sunk by a mine off Cephalonia.
7. 12. - Hitler's decree Night and Fog (Nacht und Nebel) - forced disappearance of political activists of the resistance movement in occupied Europe.
7. 12. - King Peter II promoted Colonel D. Mihailovic to the brigade general.
8. 12. - Founded camp Sajmiste (Semlin Judenlager) for Jewish and Roma families.
8.12 - Australia, New Zealand, The Netherlands, the Free French, Yugoslavia, …

Improvised War Technique - Made in War

Image
The lack of military technology is motivated by all parties to the conflict to resort to improvisation. In this way, they create unique vehicles, hybrid combinations of written-off technique and obsolete weapons from military assistance to the fifties or trends eighties with veterans of World War II and the combination of launchers and missiles PA PB rocket ... The vehicles depicted belonged to all the warring parties during the war on ex-SFRY areas.


THE DAY WHEN THE ENTIRE FIRST PROLETARIAN STORMED: 'onslaught proletarians ... onslaught! Just onslaught! ' Part I

Image
At dawn on June 10, 1943, the First Proletarian Shock brigade under the command of Koce Popovic and his deputy Danilo Lekic broke through the German encirclement at Balinovac, marking the beginning of the end of the largest and most difficult Partisan battle in the Second World War - Battle of Sutjeska. One of the participants of this battle, Antonio Isakovic, thus described the morning in which the First proletarian started the onslaught; onslaught on which depended on the lives of besieged partisan fighters led by Supreme Commander Tito:


"There is a young forest, a meadow in front of us. But the low, thick fog, like milk thick fog, almost nothing is seen ...Out of this forest, I see, partisans go out. First Proletarian Brigade is coming out. Suddenly, the fog is stopped, the fog suddenly lifted, meadows remained clean. And on the opposite side of the meadow, somewhere around eighty to one hundred meters away from us, the German trench. That's Balinovac. There are the Germans…

An unforgettable heroine Srbijanka Bukumirović

Image
Srbijanka Bukumirovic (1920 - 1944) was a student of medicine, a participant of the resistance movement in occupied Belgrade in the Second World War.
She was killed, with her sister Jovanka, in the Banjica camp just before liberation. She was born in 1920 in the village of Šetonje, near Petrovac on Mlavi. She originates from the revolutionary family Bukumirović.


As a student of the Faculty of Medicine, together with her brother Miroslav, a law student, she joined the revolutionary student movement at the Belgrade University. She participated in various political actions and demonstrations by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ). Because of its revolutionary activities, several times she was arrested and persecuted by the police.
After the April War and occupation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941, she actively participated in the organization of the resistance movement in occupied Belgrade. By party assignment, she worked in the technique of the Provincial Committee of the Communist…

Soviet fighter aircraft Yakovlev Yak-3 in Partisan and Yugoslav Air Forces

Image
Fighter plane of Soviet origin, Yakovlev Yak-3, represented the top of the development of a light fighter plane of high performance and great maneuverability, created by designer Alexandar S. Yakovlev, whose essential slogan was "simplicity doesn’t mean backwardness”. The plane’s first flight was performed in October 1943. and series production started in March 1944. Combat baptism Jak-3 had on 16th July 1944, and it was the best Soviet fighter plane in the W.W. II. In May 1945 there were manufactured 4.560 planes, and until the end of 1946, when production ceased, 4.848 fighters Yak-3.


In addition to the British who helped in the creation of partisan aviation, help came from the Soviets. After the liberation of Belgrade, many former pilots exceeds aside Partizan, former pilots, engineers, mechanics and workers from the factory pre-war aircraft. So to create new units, fighters, and assault, as well as workshops for an overhaul of aircraft and equipment. With the Soviet Union has …

The development of armored units of the Yugoslav army 1945-1950

Image
During the Second World War, two tank brigades were formed from the allied aid at NOVJ. They were the First and the Second Tank Brigade, which made a significant contribution to the final struggle for the liberation of the country. At the end of the war, the two brigades found themselves in the northwest region of Yugoslavia. At the end of May 1945, the first tank was in the old area of Trieste, and the second tank brigade was sent to Zagreb on May 17, which was effectively broken through Trieste on 21 May. In May 1945, a decision was made about the formation of a Tank army, based on positive experiences with tank brigades and the influence of Soviet doctrine. The basis for the formation of this army was the two existing tank brigades, which turned into divisions after joining a single mechanized and artillery brigade.


In late July, in addition to two tank divisions, the composition of the First Tank Army entered one tank, artillery, mechanized, anti-aircraft, artillery and engineering…