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Women and the Partisan struggle in Yugoslavia

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During the People's Liberation Struggle of Yugoslavia from July 1941 to May 1945, over 100,000 women fought in the ranks of the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia, of which some 25,000 were killed. In addition, a large number of women participated in work in the background, and especially the mass participation of women was recorded in the rebellious regions. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia during the People's Liberation Struggle, women's organizations were different that was different because the conditions were different in some parts of Yugoslavia, but the goals were the same - liberation of women from the occupiers, but also of its dependence and inequality in society.


Women are massively involved in the National Liberation Movement - as delegates, political commissars, commanders, officers Medical Corps, nurses, soldiers, puškomitraljesci, bombers, party and SKOJ managers and councilors National Liberation Committe…

Battle of Sutjeska in numbers

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Germans and allies in this operation, known as the "Fifth Enemy Offensive" or the Battle of Sutjeska, introduced about 127,000 soldiers (67,000 Germans, 43,000 Italians, 2,000 Bulgarians, and about 15,000 domestic servicemen) with the support of 170 planes, 8 artillery regiments and large number of tanks - against the Main Operational Group strengths about 22,000 partisans. Or: six to one, which according to military standards, is twice as much that it is necessary for the absolute combat success of the attackers.


The Main Operational Group managed to break out of the environment with huge losses of 7,543 dead soldiers, including 597 Partisans, which is an unspoken example of the loss of women fighters in the history of wars.
Most of the fighters from Croatia - 8,925, of which from Dalmatia - 5,195; from Bosnia and Herzegovina - 8,293; from Montenegro - 3,337; from Serbia - 1492; from Macedonia - 21; from Slovenia - 19; from abroad - 38.


There were 1,316 fighters from Šibenik, …

The March negotiations - prisoners exchange between the National Liberation Army and Wehrmacht

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The March negotiations were negotiations between representatives of the National Liberation Army of Yugoslavia (NLA) and Wehrmacht on the exchange of prisoners, begun in early March 1943. The Partisans, surrounded by all sides in the midst of The fourth enemy offensive, offered the Germans a ceasefire.
The Partisan-German negotiations were then continued in Sarajevo and Zagreb. Partisan negotiators, the most prominent people of the movement - Milovan Djilas, member of the Politburo, Koca Popovic, commander of the First Proletarian Division and Vladimir Velebit.


At the end of February or early March 1943, the Partisans captured the German Major Strecker, commander of the 3rd battalion of the 738th peak, and about 25 soldiers. Having been in a difficult position and needing again in time to cross the Neretva, they decided to use it to negotiate with the Germans about the exchange of prisoners, so that at least for a brief moment German pressure would not be allowed. Negotiations began on…

Improvised War Technique - Made in War Part II

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The lack of military technology is motivated by all parties to the conflict to resort to improvisation. In this way, they create unique vehicles, hybrid combinations of written-off technique and obsolete weapons from military assistance to the fifties or trends eighties with veterans of World War II and the combination of launchers and missiles PA PB rocket ... The vehicles depicted belonged to all the warring parties during the war on ex-SFRY areas.


Interesting facts and figures on the Balkans in February 1942

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4. 2. - The officers of the British mission Hydra, including Major Terence Atherton, have landed at Petrovac.
7. 2. - Ustasha massacre in Banja Luka suburb Drakulic, Šargovac and Motike, which is a cruel way of killing 2,300 residents of Serbian nationality.


12. 2. - The escape of a group of prisoners from the concentration camp at the Red Cross in Nis. February - The pro-Communist EAM in Greece forms a guerrilla ELAS (National People's Liberation Army).


February - Kosovo residents get Albanian citizenship.
February - Petar Lekovic was firstly named the national hero (the order was established in August 1943, but Lekovic died already in June '42).
17. 2. - Bulgarian army carried out the massacre in Bojnik. Bojnik is a settlement in Serbia in the Jablanica district.
17. 2. - Colonel Bajo Stanisic and commander of the Italian division "Taro" achieved the first Chetnik-Italian agreement against partisans in Montenegro.


17. 2. - Vičeslav Vilder, via Radio London, accuses Archbis…

The second generation of MiG 21 in the service of the Yugoslav People's Army

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After the signing of the large procurement of arms in 1961 in which there were 40 fighter-interceptor MiG-21F-13 and which included a five-year procurement plan (1961-1965), Yugoslavia was expecting new procurement techniques from the Soviet Union. Consequently, permanent relations with Moscow were maintained in order to monitor the further development of the technique that was interesting to Yugoslavia.


On the list of demands was the second generation of fighter-interceptor MiG-21 which is able to act in all weather conditions. First, the MiG-21PF variant attracted attention, but a newer version was quickly offered. After studying the variant MiG-21PF (internally designated as L-13) in June 1965, the newer MiG-21PFM was offered.


The second five-year plan that was implemented in the period from 1966-1970. and called "Sutjeska", included the procurement of 36 MiG-21PFM fighter planes (NATO label "Fishbed-F", official military code L-14) to equip three squadrons - one …

History of Yugoslav use of the fighter-interceptor MiG-21

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For more than 53 years, the MiG-21 a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft have been taking off from the Batajnica airport, and this type of aircraft is one of the most important and best-known combat aircraft in the history of military aviation.
For decades, this aircraft was the basic aircraft in Yugoslavia and the only dedicated air defense aircraft. The development of combat aircraft in the 1950s was very dynamic and accelerated, so the military top of Yugoslavia at the end of that decade quickly realized that it was necessary to acquire a new modern fighter jet that would replace American F-86 Saber aircraft. In 1958, we began to think about moving to the fighter speed of two maha seriously and the Yugoslav Air Forces (JRV) Command began with analyzes of all possible solutions.


Great attention was drawn to the French Mirage-III (Mirage-III) fighter plane, then one of the most modern combat aircraft. Efforts to acquire this plane were interrupted by politics because Yugosl…