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Military and paramilitary formations in the Balkans during World War II PART II

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Chetniks of Kosta Pećanac


Chetniks of the Kosta Pecanac, also known as "black" Chetniks, "legal chetniks" or "government chetniks" were formations in Nedić's Serbia. They were loyal to the marionette regime and the German military administration, and they fought primarily against the partisans.


Chetnik detachments Kosta Pecanac, formed on June 28 in 1941. Mainly in 1942, representing, with smaller detachments of the gendarmerie and later the Serbian Volunteer Corps, the main armed force quisling regime of Milan Nedic. They existed until the end of 1942 when they were gradually replaced by Ljotić and Nedić's formations.


Anti-Communist Volunteer Militia


Anti-Communist Volunteer Militia (Milizia Volontaria Anti Comunista, abbreviated MVAC) was the organization of auxiliary military units within the Royal Italian Army to combat the Partisan units in occupied Yugoslavia during the Second World War. At the beginning of autumn 1942, the 6th Army Corps in its …

Yugoslav tank M-91 Vihor

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In the 1980s, the military industry of the former Yugoslavia was at its peak. Contemporary trends in the development of new weapons have been closely monitored. Probably the greatest success in those years was winning the license production of tank M-84. After several series of basic models, it goes over to produce an improved version of the M-84A. However, on January 4, 1984, at the General Military Council, the OMJ "New Homeland Tank" was adopted, which was the first step in the design and production of the future Vihor tank. On December 27, 1987, the same council adopted a program for the realization of the NDT (A new Domestic Tank), which was later named Vihor. For the project manager, prof. dr. Milorad Dragojevic, who was the founder and longtime chief of the Department for combat and non-combat vehicles, the head of the adoption of the production of tanks M-84 and M-84A.


The adopted plan foresaw that the prototype and its tests were completed by 1991, the prototype part…

Military and paramilitary formations in the Balkans during World War II PART I

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The National Liberation Army and the Partisan detachments  of Yugoslavia
was the armed force of the anti-fascist movement of resistance in occupied Yugoslavia, led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (Yugoslav National Liberation Army, NOVJ), the full name of the National Liberation Army and Partisans of Yugoslavia (NOV and POJ), the shorter and more popular partisans. Yugoslav Partisans considered being the most successful movement of resistance in occupied Europe.



NOVJ was formed in June 1941 by the formation of the first Partisan detachment. March 1, 1945, has grown into the Yugoslav army, the regular military formation of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. The National Liberation Army was headed by the Supreme Staff, and its members were called Partisans. The Partizan strategy rejected the holding of the fronts. At the beginning of the war, they did not manage to deal with the strongest and most savage world armies, without heavy weapons, mechanized units, and aviation. The forces …

Supermarine Spitfire in the service of the National Liberation Movement

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The first prototype of the most known British fighter plane Spitfire had maiden on 5th March 1936. Its designer, Reginald Mitchell died in 1937 and didn’t survive to see the total success of his creation. During twelve years, as the production of Spitfires lasted, there were built 20.134 Spitfires, and 2.444 similar version Seafires, in more than forty variants. The initial struggle Spitfire had early 1940, in clashes in the air over France, but Spitfire Mk I and Mk II, had the real combat baptism in the Battle of Britain, earning everlasting fame. Variant Mk V appeared in 1941.


On 22 April 1944 British decision to help the Partisan movement under the command of Josip Broz Tito, in Libya, at the airport of Benin, in the context of the English Air Force (RAF), formed 352 Yugoslav squadrons ( the 1st squadron of the NOVJ). Squadron staff was made by Yugoslav pilots and mechanics, mostly former Air Force members of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In its armaments squadron had English aircraft …