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The Amnesty in the People's Liberation Struggle

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Marsal Tito's last call for amnesty The amnesty in the People's Liberation Struggle was applied several times and referred to various perpetrators of criminal acts, who sinned against the achievements of the liberation struggle and the interests of the people. The first official amnesty was the call of the Supreme Commander of the People's Liberation Army and Yugoslav Partisan Detachments, Yugoslav Marshal Josip Broz Tito, from August 30, 1944, to all Croatian and Slovenian home guards, Chetniks and members of other enemy armed formations to leave the occupier and join the People's Liberation Army. It was emphasized in this invitation that all those who joined the National Liberation Army by 15 September 1944 would be forgiven for their participation in enemy formations, except for those who had committed serious crimes and that officers would be recognized for their ranks. The summons states that those who do not join the National Liberation Movement by a

Children and youth in the National Liberation Struggle

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The brightest, but also the bloodiest pages of the National Liberation Struggle was also written by the League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia (SKOJ). Always in the forefront, from the first days of occupation, the Skoevci were first on the attack, the last in retreat, with their heroism and impossible feats they were always an example to others. In the National Liberation Struggle, youth accounted for 80% of the combatant composition of the People's Liberation Army units. Couriers of the 1st Battalion 17th National Liberation Shock Slavonian Brigade in Durdevac, January 1944 Developing a broad mass youth organization, they operated within the National Liberation Front, but as an autonomous organization with specific tasks. With the emergence of the youth movement and the increasing scope of tasks, the need for a unified youth organization with central leadership was created. Thus, from December 27 to 29, 1942, the United Federation of Anti-Fascist Youth o

Partisan hospital in the National Liberation War 1941 - 1945

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The Partisan ambulance service began to develop in parallel with the formation of rebel units and partisan detachments. It was created based on preparations made between April and early July 1941, led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. The health service is established in partisan detachments, depending on the task of the unit, material capabilities, and primarily on personnel. With the development of the medical service, but also with the liberation of the territory, the first partisan hospitals were created. The smaller territorial hospitals that operated separately from one another connected with the formation of partisan military hospitals at the end of 1942. The first surgical team was formed in September 1942, and a pharmaceutical service began to be created early. In the liberated areas, special civilian health services were organized, which were closely linked to the unit medical service and territorial hospitals. In 1943, the ZAVNOH (The State Anti-fascist Counc

War Photographers and the National Liberation Struggle in Yugoslavia

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In 1941, photographers went to the Partisan ranks with a camera, dying for an image or a negative, to see a fight they had never seen before. In Croatia, these include, among others, Elvira Kohn, Franjo Mosinger and Georges Skrigin. This is how George Skrigin described that day in the spring of 1942, when he, armed only with his camera, went to his first battle, in an ambush prepared for the Italians on the road between Senj and Novi Vinodolski: ... ' "I hear shouts: 'Forward, proletarians! ... shoot them! ...' I had just pointed the camera in the direction of the attack when over my head comes blaring our heavy machine gun that has taken a position a few meters behind me. It was my first action. The bullet whips over my head, for the first time I hear something like this and for the first time, I smell the gunpowder. I instinctively draw my head to the ground lower and lower, thinking: should I die in the first action and that of our bullet? " He su

Interesting facts and figures on the Balkans in March 1942

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Parade units Serbian State Guard and other formations of Nedic's quisling government 22 June 1944 in front of the Assembly building. March - Fighting for Eastern Bosnia is ongoing. The struggles for Eastern Bosnia in 1942 were complex political and armed struggles of stakeholders for dominance in the territory of Eastern Bosnia, conducted during the first few months of 1942. Interested parties were partisans, Chetniks, Germans, Independent State of Croatia and Nedic's Serbia. The Chetniks did not want to fight the Germans but only against the Ustashas. They were trying to separate the area from the NDH and annex Nedic's Serbia. March 3 - A quisling Serbian State Guard was established in Serbia. known as the Nedicevci March 5 - The Comintern Executive Committee criticizes the CPY's tactics ("left turns"), for example the establishment of Proletarian brigades. Deputy Warden of the Banjaica Concentration Camp Djordje Kosmajac (center) with

Letter from Jasenovac

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Communist activist Ivica Sabljak was detained in the Stara Gradiška detention camp in order to find out about this terrifying information, who smuggled a message that reached his family, and later to the partisans, at the double bottom of the jam jar. The packages were banned in the concentration camp, the bread would be sliced, and jars with marmalade were opened. Maja Kacan, the curator of the Spomen-Jasenovac area and the author of the exhibition emphasized that this testimony, this letter belongs to the rarely preserved documentation of Ustasha death camps because most of them were destroyed by administrations during a panic escape from the same ends of the Second World War. The prisoner of Stara Gradiška camp was Ivica Sabljak, communist, activist, during 1944, the smugglers of the letter Katica Bukovac, who delivered them to the Zagreb Camp Committee for help to camps. These letters, actually these messages written on pieces of paper, today, apart from the natural

Women and the Partisan struggle in Yugoslavia

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Savka Javorina-Vujović During the People's Liberation Struggle of Yugoslavia from July 1941 to May 1945, over 100,000 women fought in the ranks of the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia, of which some 25,000 were killed. In addition, a large number of women participated in work in the background, and especially the mass participation of women was recorded in the rebellious regions. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia during the People's Liberation Struggle, women's organizations were different that was different because the conditions were different in some parts of Yugoslavia, but the goals were the same - liberation of women from the occupiers, but also of its dependence and inequality in society. Milica Mušikić - Pajković, during the war in Montenegro. Women are massively involved in the National Liberation Movement - as delegates, political commissars, commanders, officers Medical Corps, nurses, s