Showing posts from November, 2017

Sad fate of the Partisan Memorial Cemetery in Mostar

The Partisan Memorial Cemetery in Mostar is located in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was built in 1965 in honor of the Yugoslav Partisans of Mostar who were killed during World War II in Yugoslavia. It's located on Bijeli Brijeg and displays all the features of a complex architectural, aesthetic and landscape design. It is a unique monument in the urban scale of the city of Mostar and is of particular ambient value.

The idea to build the Memorial Cemetery occurred in the early 1960s. The main initiator of the construction was the then senior state and party official Džemal Bijedić, who was born in Mostar. The construction of the memorial cemetery began in October 1960, and it was officially opened on September 25, 1965, on the 20th anniversary of the liberation of Mostar. The opening of the memorial cemetery was attended by President of Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito.

The Serbian architect Bogdan Bogdanović was put in charge of the design. Ahmet Ribica, a civil engineer, was in cha…

Military and paramilitary formations in the Balkans during World War II PART II

Chetniks of Kosta Pećanac

Chetniks of the Kosta Pecanac, also known as "black" Chetniks, "legal chetniks" or "government chetniks" were formations in Nedić's Serbia. They were loyal to the marionette regime and the German military administration, and they fought primarily against the partisans.

Chetnik detachments Kosta Pecanac, formed on June 28 in 1941. Mainly in 1942, representing, with smaller detachments of the gendarmerie and later the Serbian Volunteer Corps, the main armed force quisling regime of Milan Nedic. They existed until the end of 1942 when they were gradually replaced by Ljotić and Nedić's formations.

Anti-Communist Volunteer Militia

Anti-Communist Volunteer Militia (Milizia Volontaria Anti Comunista, abbreviated MVAC) was the organization of auxiliary military units within the Royal Italian Army to combat the Partisan units in occupied Yugoslavia during the Second World War. At the beginning of autumn 1942, the 6th Army Corps in its …

Yugoslav tank M-91 Vihor

In the 1980s, the military industry of the former Yugoslavia was at its peak. Contemporary trends in the development of new weapons have been closely monitored. Probably the greatest success in those years was winning the license production of tank M-84. After several series of basic models, it goes over to produce an improved version of the M-84A. However, on January 4, 1984, at the General Military Council, the OMJ "New Homeland Tank" was adopted, which was the first step in the design and production of the future Vihor tank. On December 27, 1987, the same council adopted a program for the realization of the NDT (A new Domestic Tank), which was later named Vihor. For the project manager, prof. dr. Milorad Dragojevic, who was the founder and longtime chief of the Department for combat and non-combat vehicles, the head of the adoption of the production of tanks M-84 and M-84A.

The adopted plan foresaw that the prototype and its tests were completed by 1991, the prototype part…

Military and paramilitary formations in the Balkans during World War II PART I

The National Liberation Army and the Partisan detachments  of Yugoslavia
was the armed force of the anti-fascist movement of resistance in occupied Yugoslavia, led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (Yugoslav National Liberation Army, NOVJ), the full name of the National Liberation Army and Partisans of Yugoslavia (NOV and POJ), the shorter and more popular partisans. Yugoslav Partisans considered being the most successful movement of resistance in occupied Europe.

NOVJ was formed in June 1941 by the formation of the first Partisan detachment. March 1, 1945, has grown into the Yugoslav army, the regular military formation of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. The National Liberation Army was headed by the Supreme Staff, and its members were called Partisans. The Partizan strategy rejected the holding of the fronts. At the beginning of the war, they did not manage to deal with the strongest and most savage world armies, without heavy weapons, mechanized units, and aviation. The forces …