The Seven Enemy Offensive – The Seven Monuments
The first enemy offensive - the first monument
Operation Uzice, in Yugoslav historiography known as the First Enemy Offensive, the German clampdown on the uprising in Serbia in autumn 1941.
The operation launched by the German occupying forces in cooperation with the quisling forces against partisan detachments and the Supreme Headquarters of the National Liberation Movement of Yugoslavia, organized in a so-called free territory. The Republic of Uzice. The offensive was launched in mid-September and lasted until the beginning of December 1941.
The memorial complex "Kadinjača" near Uzice testify about the November days in 1941 when members of the Workers Battalion of Uzice Partisan Unit, commanded by Andrija Đurović, offered fierce resistance far more powerful enemy who was at that time conducting an offensive on the liberated territory "Uzice Republic". The fighters of the Workers Battalion bravely died in the Battle of Kadinjaca 29 November 1941. Enemy forces broke through the last defense of free Uzice, but the heroism of these heroes is remembered in later times.
|Monument to the soldiers of the Workers Battalion on Kadinjaca|
The complex is a complex architectural and museological whole that makes a series of segments were built in the period between 1952 and 1979. In the first phase, in 1952 on Kadinjaca erected monument pyramidal shape under which is the crypt in which lie the remains of members of the Workers Battalion killed during the Battle of Kadinjaca.
Significant expansion of the complex has suffered in 1979 when, according to the project authored by sculptor Miodrag Zivkovic and architect Aleksandar Djokic, ended its arrangement whereby he got his current appearance. The entire memorial complex was officially opened by the President of the Republic Josip Broz Tito on 23 September 1979.
The complex consists of three parts
amphitheater Republic of Uzice
Alley of the Workers Battalion
plateau of freedom
The Second enemy offensive - the second monument
Operation Southeast Croatia (German: Südost Croatia), also known as Operation Southern Croatia (German: Süd-Croatia) was a joint operation of German, Italian and hull ISC in January and February 1942 in eastern Bosnia, in order to destroy the partisan units and occupation the liberated territory.
Was performed in two stages: Operation Southern Croatia and (Ger. Süd-Croatia I) from 15 to 23 January, and Operation Southern Croatia II (Ger. Süd-Croatia II) from 28 January to 2 February 1942. The Yugoslav historiography is known as the second enemy offensive or Romanija-Birac and Ozren operations.
|Monument to the soldiers of the First Proletarian Brigade on Igman mountain.|
The Igman march was the forced march of the Partisan army over Sarajevo field on Igman, in the night on 27 January 1942. Is undertaken during the second enemy offensive against the NLA.
The Igman march of the First Proletarian Brigade was performed in harsh winter conditions at a temperature of minus 32 ° C.
The third enemy offensive - the third monument
The third enemy offensive, known as Operation Trio, which is aimed at the liquidation of partisan forces on the border of Bosnia and Croatia in the spring of 1942. Sometimes referred to as the Battle of Kozara, or kozarska offensive.
Monument to the Revolution on Kozara, on one of the peaks called Mrakovica, Prijedor municipality, the witness of the enormous suffering of Kozarčan and peoples of the region during the Second World War by the German forces, Ustashas, and Chetniks. Monument to the Revolution, a memorial wall and museum make memorial complex in the National Park Kozara.
|Monument to the Revolution|
The monument is the work of sculptor Dušan Džamonja. The construction lasted for the period 1971-1972. year, with the involvement of 3,000 social activists. Work was carried out in Zagreb company "Technique", which had built a monument to the victims of fascist terror in Jasenovac. The construction of the monument to Mrakovica spent thousand tons of cement, four thousand cubic meters of aggregate, 200 cubic meters of formwork and 200 tons of iron.
The monument was built by voluntary contributions of 400,000 citizens and 1,350 legal entities and a number of people from the Diaspora. The opening ceremony, organized on 10 September 1972, was attended by Josip Broz Tito.
The Fourth Enemy Offensive – the fourth monument
Fourth enemy offensive, known as the Battle of Neretva, and Operation Weiss, represented an attempt to the liquidation of the main partisan forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina, or liquidation of the territory known as the Bihacka Republic in early 1943.
|Monument to fallen soldiers at Makljen had survived the war, but no peace|
Monument of the Battle of Neretva (known as the Monument of the Battle for the wounded) is a monument was erected to the Partisan soldiers and all the other victims that fell during the Battle of Neretva (January 20 - April 1, 1943). Monument is located at the top Makljen saddle (1123 m) above the Prozor. It was built in 1978 and demolished in 2000. The author of the monument is sculptor Dr. Bosko Kucanski.
The monument is a large stone boulder buried in the wide plateau, high 14, and 12 meters wide. It weighs 700 tons. The appearance of the monument resembles a flower spreading petals. It is located on the site of one of the fiercest battles, which has been conducted in order to protect the wounded.
The Fifth Enemy Offensive – the fifth monument
The fifth enemy offensive, known as the Battle of Sutjeska or Operation Schwarz represented the attempt to partisan forces surround and destroy on the border between Bosnia and Montenegro in late spring in 1943.
The valley of the hero is the name of the memorial complex, which is located near the village Tjentište, in the national park "Sutjeska". This complex is dedicated to the Battle of Sutjeska, which took place from 15 May to 15 June 1943 and was officially opened in 1974.
In the construction of the memorial complex during the seventies, and later to the break-up of Yugoslavia, actively participated and young people from all over Yugoslavia on Youth Work Actions, of which the most famous was ORA "Sutjeska" in 1971. In 1973 here was filmed the movie "Sutjeska", directed by Stipe Delic, which is then with the participation of world famous actors, screened the legendary battle. At the time of Yugoslavia memorial complex "The Valley Heroes" was a famous tourist city with an annual visit of around 30,000 tourists.
The Sixth Enemy Offensive – the sixth monument
The sixth enemy offensive is the name for a series of offensive operations that were taken by German forces from September 1943 until the beginning of 1944 to the partisan forces confiscated territory liberated after the capitulation of Italy.
|On the ruins of the hospital in Prijepolje from which partisans defended themselves. On that place built a memorial monument with the names of 408 fallen soldiers.|
The Seventh Enemy Offensive – the seventh monument
The seventh enemy offensive, known as Operation Knight's move or Drvar landing, was an ambitious attempt of the German army to the end of May 1944, Partisan forces decapitated parachute assault with the aim of liquidation or capture their supreme commander, Marshal Tito.
|Monument in Drvar|
This monument at the monument complex in Drvar commemorates to the fallen soldiers and civilians from the surrounding region who perished during the National Liberation War (WWII), especially during the 1944 Operation Rösselsprung bombardment of the city.