BVP M-80 (infantry fighting vehicles)
|BVP M-80A infantry fighting vehicle of Serbian Army.|
BVP M-80 is infantry fighting vehicle produced in the former Yugoslavia. It is now in the arms of the armed forces of the countries formed its collapse – Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatian, Serbia, Slovenia and other former republics.
The military industry of the former Yugoslavia in the early 1970s has developed infantry combat vehicle M80, to replace the armored personnel carrier M-60. The vehicle was first shown at a military parade in Belgrade in 1975. Nine years later, at the exhibition of arms in Cairo shows the modified version of the M-80A, which has become standard in the units of the JNA.
The concept of vehicles is similar to the Russian BMP-1. However, although many experts in the West emphasized the similarity of M-80 to the Soviet BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicle Yugoslav significantly different from its Soviet rival. In contrast to the BMP-1, which has six supporting wheels and canon caliber 73 mm, M-80 has five supporting wheels and universal top caliber 20 mm. Yugoslav designers thought that it's better vehicle arm with canon suitable for the operation of the targets on the ground and in the air as the Soviet canon caliber 73 mm was suitable only for action against poorly armored and soft ground targets (it could fight against enemy tanks or against low-flying aircraft and helicopters).
The first production variant was the M-80 which was only made in small numbers. The vehicle used a French-built engine with an output of 260 hp, the same engine as used in AMX-10P. After only a year, Yugoslavia started license production of Daimler-Benz's 320 hp engines in domestic FAMOS factories. This variant received a new designation as M-80A.
The body of the BVP M-80 is made of reinforced steel plates welded. The thickness of the shield on the front side is 14 mm. Side armor thickness of 9 mm. The armament of vehicles consists of automatic cannon M55 20 mm caliber, coupled M86 machine gun PKT 7.62 mm and two launchers for anti-tank guided missiles 9M14M Maljutka (NATO designation AT-3 Sagger). Gun M55 acts against ground targets at distances up to 1500 meters and targets in the air distant to 1000 m.
Anti-tank guided missiles 9M14M used for target practice tanks, armored of vehicles and fortified targets at distances between 500 and 3000 meters. Keeping rockets manually, a cumulative warhead penetrates 400 mm thick steel armor. In combat kit contains a total of 4 missiles.
Infantry fighting vehicle M80A is an amphibian. On the water is used to drive the tracks, a maximum speed of navigation is 7.8 km / h. The vehicle is equipped with a breakwater and the device being blasted off penetrated water.
Before the breakup of Yugoslavia appeared a modernized version BVP's labeled M-80AK. The vehicle is built dome "Otter" with stabilized gun M86 30-mm coaxial machine-gun 7.62 mm, two launchers for guided semi-automatic version of the missile Maljutka (9M14MP1), four smoke charge launchers and the new day-night sighting device.
M-80 - First production model with 260 hp engine, replaced after 1 year.
M-80A - Improved version with 320 hp engine, full production.
M-80A1 - Twin 30-mm anti-aircraft cannon, prototype only;
M-80A KC - Company commander's vehicle.
M-80A KB - Battalion commander's vehicle.
M-80A Sn - Medical, no turret. Single oblong hatch in the roof and single rear door. Carries 4 stretcher patients or 6 seated patients.
M-80A LT - Tank hunter version with six AT-3 launchers.
Sava M-90 - SA-13 Surface-to-air missile launcher, designated Strela-10MJ, prototype.
SPAT 30/2 - Self-Propelled Anti-aircraft gun. Made with the mounting of two 30mm cannons. The aim-scan gear is J-171 or Motorola 6800.
MOS - Self-propelled mine layer.
M-80AK/M-98A - new gun turret with 30mm M86 cannon or 30mm dual feed M89 cannon.