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The 2nd Proletarian Shock Brigade

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  Soldiers of the Second Proletarian Brigade march through eastern Bosnia, July 1943. The Second Proletarian People's Liberation Strike Brigade, also the Second Serbian Brigade, was formed by order of the Supreme Staff of the People's Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia on March 1, 1942, in Čajniče, by fighters from the Užice, Čačak and Second Šumadija Partisan Detachments. On the day of its formation, it had four battalions with about 1,000 fighters.   The first commander of the brigade was Ratko Sofijanic, a national hero, political commissar Milinko Kusic, a national hero, and the party leader and deputy political commissar Spasenija Cana Babovic, a national hero.   Ratko Sofijanic commander of the 2nd Proletarian Brigade The Second Proletarian NOU Brigade covered about 24,000 kilometers on its war journey. About 15,000 fighters from all over Yugoslavia fought in its ranks. It destroyed about 62,000 enemy soldiers. She gave a large number of leadin

Sir Fitzroy Maclean - The Maclean Mission in Yugoslavia - The man who was the inspiration for James Bond.

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Tito talking to Maclean   Sir Fitzroy MacLean is a famous Scottish soldier, writer, and politician. He was the head of the British military mission to the Yugoslav Partisans. Maclean wrote several books, including Eastern Approaches, in which he recounted three extraordinary series of adventures: traveling, often incognito, in Soviet Central Asia; fighting in the Western Desert campaign, where he specialized in commando raids behind enemy lines; and living rough with Josip Broz Tito and his Yugoslav Partisans while commanding the Maclean Mission there. It has been widely speculated that Ian Fleming used Maclean as one of his inspirations for James Bond. Fitzroy MacLean on Vis in 1944. Before the war, he worked under the name Safford Cripps at the British Embassy in Moscow. Fitzroy Maclean was Churchill's friend and the trusted man whom Churchill promoted to brigadier general at just 36, and sent to Yugoslavia "to find out who was killing the most Germans to help them kil

Interesting facts and figures on the Balkans in June 1942

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  King Peter II delivered a speech to Congress on June 25, 1942. Source Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia June 1 - Gen. shot in Bulgaria. Vladimir Zaimov for spying for the USSR. Monument Vladimir Zaimov, Pleven June 2 - September 11 - The BBC publishes lists of Nedićs and Ljotićs placed under the "letter Z" ("intimidate"), some of whom were killed by Chetnik troikas. The black troikas were three-member Chetnik formations for the liquidation of political opponents by slaughter. Although they were founded to liquidate the occupier's associates, many communists, fighters, and sympathizers of the resistance movement and members of their families came under attack. Chetnik trio slaughters. One of those present reads the verdict. June 7 - Metropolitan Hermogenes enthroned as Patriarch of the Croatian Orthodox Church. June 7 - Aris Velouchiotis declares the beginning of the struggle of the Greek National Liberation Army (ELAS), the military w

"Tito's state" in the heart of occupied Europe - Republic of Bihać

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  The Republic of Bihać occupied Yugoslavia (pink). The borders are that of the World War II Axis partition of Yugoslavia, including the collaborationist puppet state, the Independent State of Croatia. The Bihać Republic was a vast partisan free territory created after the Bihać operation and the liberation of Bihać on November 4, 1942, by merging the liberated territories of the Bosnian Krajina and neighboring areas of Croatia.   From the beginning of November 1942 until the end of January 1943, Bihać was the center of the free Yugoslav territory, which stretched from the approaches to Karlovac and Zagreb, to the rivers Bosna and Neretva, covering about 50,000 km.   The development of the national liberation movement reached its highest level in this territory. In November 1942, the first divisions and corps of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia were formed there, and the actions of the Supreme Headquarters succeeded.   The territory of the Republic of Bihać wa

Operation Bihać - Liberation of the city in occupied Europe in 1942

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  Comrade Tito inspected a battalion of the 3rd Krajina Brigade after the battles for Bihać, Bihać in November 1942. The Bihać operation is one of the greatest victories of the People's Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia in 1942. In it, eight brigades of the People's Liberation Army under the command of the Operational Headquarters for the Bosnian Krajina destroyed the Ustasha Home Guard garrison in Bihać and the surrounding areas and inflicted significant losses on the enemy. The battle for the city lasted from November 2 to 4, 1942, and continued with the ensuing march of the People's Liberation Army units against the remnants of broken units and demoralized surrounding garrisons. The Ustasha 4th (Brigade) and parts of the 12th Home Guard Infantry Regiment were defeated. This was one of the greatest in a long series of victories of the People's Liberation Army over the forces of the NDH, which shook the NDH and greatly limited the scope of its inst

Development and modernization of Anti-Aircraft guns and Anti-Aircraft Machine Guns in the Arms of the Yugoslav People's Army

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  Until the mid-1950s, Yugoslav People's Army units were equipped with air defense equipment of trophy origin, along with air defense equipment of Soviet and American origin. In the mid-fifties, the modernization of the first LPAA LPAA (light anti-aircraft artillery) began, which is most represented in the units of the Yugoslav People's Army. A 20/3 mm PAT license was purchased from the Swiss company Hispano. At the end of the fifties, a license for PAT 40 mm L70 with ammunition was purchased from the Swedish company Bofors. However, that program was abandoned at that time. As the speed of fighter jets increased significantly in the early 1960s, the focus of LPAA modernization shifted to new targets as well as devices to increase the ability to track fast targets. With old devices, it was simply no longer possible to follow fast planes, especially in sweeping flights. A mechanical sighting device for AA gun 40 mm M1 was developed, followed by a sighting device of the same t

Campaign of the Proletarian Brigades in the Bosnian Krajina

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  The offensive of proletarian and strike brigades in western Bosnia and the Bihać operation in 1942. The campaign of proletarian brigades to Western Bosnia was carried out in the period from the end of June to the middle of August 1942. On June 24, 1942, the majority of units of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia (First and Second Proletarian, Third Sandzak, and Fourth Montenegrin Brigades) and the Supreme Headquarters of the National Liberation Army left Zelengora for western Bosnia. Along the way, battles were fought with the enemy (Konjic, Bugojno, Prozor, Livno, Kupres) and a newly liberated territory was created. At the end of July, the Fifth Montenegrin Brigade joined these forces with the Herzegovinian NOP Detachment, from which the Tenth Herzegovinian Brigade was formed. The campaign in Bosnian Krajina was not intended as a march, but to strike at the enemy, expand free territory in western Bosnia and create favorable conditions for further development of the upris