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The Allied Balkan bombing campaign chronology of World War II PART II

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  Artwork Fire Over Ploesti by Roy Grinnell Air Force Art May 31, 1944 - Ploieşti - 32 B-24s of the 450 BG attacked the "Româno-Americană Oil Refinery", but failed due to the smoke screens.153 The 450 BG also bombed the Româno-Americană refinery on June 6, 24, & July 15; and the Concordia Vega refinery on July 9, 22 June 5, 1944 - A May 5 decoded message stated anti-aircraft artillery was being moved to Pölitz and Blechhammer, and one on June 5 indicated the Luftwaffe was short of fuel. British intelligence concluded that the bombing of oil targets would be "crippling" in 3-6 months. Romanian production had been reduced from 200,000 tons in February to 40,000 in June. Allied Air Raids in Europe, WWII. Astra Romana Refinery. This photograph gives a vivid idea of how the Consolidated B-24 “Liberator” flew in bombing the Ploesti Field, August 1, 1943. Office of War Information Collect June 6, 1944 - Ploieşti - In the 1st large-scale American attempt to use a di

The Allied Balkan bombing campaign chronology of World War II PART I

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  Air Raid Ploesti! A B-24 flying over a burning oil refinery at Ploesti, Romania, 1 August 1943. February 28, 1941, RAF To enable bombing of "Romanian oil installations", a British Expeditionary Force established a 'Balkan front'. June 1941 - Ploieşti - The RAF bombed Ploieşti. July 14, 1941 - Ploieşti - 6 RAF aircraft bombed Ploieşti. June 12, 1942 - Ploieşti (Astra Română) - The Halverson project raid from Egypt was the first US mission against a European target — 10 aircraft bombed the Astra Română oil refinery. September 1942 - Bucharest - The Soviet Union's VVS bombed the oil installations. September 1942 - Ploieşti -  The Soviet Union's VVS bombed the oil installations. May 19, 1943 - The CBO "Eaker" plan was approved and confirmed oil targets as the 4th primary objective ("contingent upon attacks against Ploesti"). May 16, 1943 - Ploieşti - The Advisory Council submitted the Air Attack on Ploesti ("SOAPSUDS")

Interesting facts and figures on the Balkans in April 1942

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Soldiers of the Black Legion at Koševo, Sarajevo. April 1 - A black legion from Han-Pjeska captures Vlasenica (during the month it commits crimes against civilians and inflicts losses on Chetniks in eastern Bosnia).  The Black Legion is a colloquial name for the infamous elite unit of the Ustasha army that operated during the Second World War on the territory of the then Independent State of Croatia, ie today's Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Members of that unit committed a large number of atrocities against the Serb population in the NDH  April 4 - "Croatian Orthodox Church" founded in the Independent State of Croatia, Patriarch Germogen Maksimov enthroned on June 7. Pavelić, Artuković,  Germogen The Croatian Orthodox Church was an Orthodox church that officially operated in the areas under the rule of the Independent State of Croatia from 1942 to 1945 during the Second World War.  April 9 - Operation Trio: Ustasha Black Legion breaks out of the plan on the Drina, c

The Battle of the Vukov Klanac and the Destruction of the 369th Devil's Division

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  Monument to the Battle of Vuk Gorge The battle of Vukovo Klanac was fought at the end of 1944 between the partisan and German armies in the area of today's border near Neum. The battle for Vuk's Klanac was fought in the area from Metković and the river Neretva in the west of Pelješac with Ston in the south and exclusively Popovo polje in the north. The main part of the 369th Legionary Division "Vražja" - 369th and 370th Regiment, and the 9th Ustasha Brigade, artillery, tanks and other motorization that was being pulled out of Dubrovnik are taking part in this battle. Of the units of the 8th Corps, only the 1st and 11th Dalmatians and a group of island partisan detachments were involved in the battle. These units from Peljesac were aided by a British battery, and there were some Allied air strikes. The Germans gradually engaged up to 8,000 soldiers, about 100 artillery pieces and 10-15 tanks in this battle. The partisan forces had a maximum of 3,000 fighters. The

Chronology of the April War in 1941

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  Destroyed Yugoslavian Renault NC tank The April War (official name Operation 25) is the name used for the invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis Powers during World War II in April 1941. The reason for the invasion was the coup on March 27. In 1941, the pro-Axis Cvetković-Maček government was overthrown in Belgrade and replaced by a government of pro-British officers led by General Dušan Simović. German forces are, quickly modifying the plans made for Operation Marita. April 6 They launched an attack and, using technological superiority, a favorable strategic position, as well as the doctrine of blitzkrieg, easily defeated the demoralized and disorganized Yugoslav forces, forcing them to 17.4. on capitulation. While the king and the government fled into exile, the victorious Axis powers decided to dismember Yugoslavia, taking over part of its territory and forming satellite states such as the NDH and Nedić's Serbia.   On 25 March 1941 The Regent, Prince Paul, yie

The Mutiny of the 13th SS Handschar Division at Villefranche de Rouergue

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Symbol of the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar The Munity in Villefranche-de-Rourgeue is the name for the events that took place on September 17, 1943, in Villefranche-de-Rouge, a small town in occupied France when several members of the pioneer (engineering) battalion of the 13th SS "Handjar" division revolted against their German superiors, with the aim of joining the Allies or the French resistance movement. The rebellion was quickly and bloodily suppressed but after the war the inhabitants of the city celebrated the rebels as heroes and martyrs. After the disintegration of Yugoslavia, it was the subject of various interpretations and various theories about motives, goals, and organizers.  The original memorial to the "Yugoslav combatants" in Villefranche unveiled in 1952 The Handzar Division was a "volunteer" SS division whose majority were Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks) from the territory that was then officially part of the NDH and f

Chronology of the Second World War in Yugoslavia

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The map shows the initial positions of the Axis forces and the Yugoslav Royal Army. 1939  August 26 The Cvetković-Maček Agreement created the Banovina of Croatia.  September 1 attack of Germany on Poland started World War II in Europe.  1940   On October 28, Italy launches an attack on Greece, and the government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia declares itself neutral in that conflict.  1941  On March 25, Vlada Cvetković-Maček signed Yugoslavia to join the Triple Alliance.  A Japanese propaganda poster from 1938 -  Good friends from three countries March 27 After several days of demonstrations, the Yugoslav government is overthrown in a coup and a new one is set up under General Dusan Simovic.  April 5 The April war begins with an attack by German forces on the Yugoslav garrison in Djerdap.  April 6 Bombing of Belgrade. April 8 Bjelovar uprising against the Yugoslav authorities.  On April 10, German forces enter Zagreb, and Slavko Kvaternik declares the Independent State of Croatia. On Apr