Allied aid and recognition of the People's Liberation Army

 


Nikola Kečanin: "Long live the Red Army, the guarantee of our victory", 1944,

The Allies had long supported the refugee government in London, so the struggle to recognize the People's Liberation Army and Yugoslav partisan detachments as the only force fighting the Axis Powers was of great importance. At a conference in Tehran in December 1943, the Allies recognized the People's Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia as the only fighters against fascism in Yugoslavia and decided that the partisans should be supplied as much as possible with military material and commando operations.



Allies near Daruvar parachute military equipment for the needs of the Tenth Corps, in the early spring of 1945


 

Although the NOV and POJ were recognized as a military force against fascism, AVNOJ's decisions caught the Western allies in an attempt to save the old order in Yugoslavia and bring back King Peter II and his refugee government after the war. As the Allies realized that with the strengthening of the National Liberation War, their plans became increasingly unrealistic, they demanded that the National Committee conduct negotiations with the refugee government located in London. Therefore, an agreement was reached on June 16, 1944, on Vis with dr. Ivan Šubašić on the recognition by the Royal Government in London of the National Committee as a government in the country, and the National Committee agrees that Šubašić's government should perform its duty abroad in full agreement with the National Committee. The text of the agreement agreed, among other things, that the future government would be composed of all democratic forces that did not compromise in the fight against the People's Liberation Movement, that the government in London would condemn all traitors of the people who cooperated with the enemy. to raise the issue of the future organization of Yugoslavia.


Sherman Kendal trained partisans to handle bazookas, Vis, 1944



 

With the liberation of Serbia and Belgrade, it was agreed that uncompromised pre-war politicians would participate in the government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, so the allies at the Crimean Conference in February 1945 recognized Yugoslavia as their equal ally in the anti-Hitler coalition. On March 8, 1945, a government was formed in which Tito was president and Ivan Šubašić minister of foreign affairs. Its declaration confirmed the preservation of all the achievements of the People's Liberation Struggle, brotherhood and unity, as well as the equality of all peoples. A little over a month later, on April 11, 1945, a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance was signed with the Soviet Union.

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